What is Dental Cleaning? The procedure, Types, and Benefits

What is Dental Cleaning? The procedure, Types, and Benefits

Although dental cleanings improve your smile to a significant degree, they have many more benefits to your general health than you think. This means the prevention of chronic infections and other severe diseases like cardiovascular diseases, bone loss, and several cancers.

Our dentists recommend frequent oral check-ups and oral cancer screenings if you have not had recent dental screening. Annual tooth cleanings are enough to keep your oral health in check, of course, backed up by regular flossing and brushing. This helps with gum disease detection and prevention to prevent future, more fatal complications.

What does a Dental Cleaning procedure involve?

Dentists perform the dental cleaning procedure as a preventative measure to attain optimum dental health. Your dentist begins with checking your teeth and gums for infections and other problems. Dental X-rays to detect decays are taken, so your dentist determines whether to perform basic or deep cleaning.

They then perform scaling to remove tartar and plaque on and within your teeth and gum line, after which the enamel is polished to cleanse the tartar off. A dental mouth rinse is then administered after the cleaning. Your dentist then performs a professional flossing and a final rinse to complete the procedure.

At Bluebonnet Dental, the following tools are used in the cleaning procedure:

  • Ultrasonic instruments – These instruments use tickling vibrations to breakdown large particles of tartar occurring on your dental. The equipment also flashes some cool mist to wash off the debris that come loose. After removing the large particles, dentists then switch to finer hand apparatuses.
  • Scalers and curettes – These are more effective in scraping off tartar and plaque. They are used to remove smaller deposits after the large particles are eliminated.
  • Polisher– It has a soft rubber end that’s effective in polishing the surface of the tooth after tartar and plaque debris are removed.
  • Fluoride – Fluoride comes in the form of gel or foam. Dentists apply it to counter the effect caused by plaque and tartar originally lodged to your teeth. You are advised not to eat or drink 30 minutes after the fluoride treatment is administered for it to take effect.

Various Types of Dental Cleanings

There are four main types of dental cleanings, and the type you receive depends on your specific needs and state of your oral health.

Prophylaxis Cleaning

If you initially have an overall healthy dental hygiene, this is the type of dental cleaning you receive. It involves the removal of tartar that expectedly forms on the patient’s teeth. It’s a form of maintenance cleaning rather than treatment.

Patients who regularly have dental check-ups are recommended for this type of cleaning, which is effective for gum disease detection and prevention.

Scaling and Root Planing

This form of dental cleaning is non-surgical but more invasive than prophylaxis cleaning. Deep root and gum cleaning is performed, as well as cleaning other supporting tooth structures.

You get this type of dental cleaning if you’re at a high risk of periodontitis and other gum diseases. It can take multiple visits to complete this dental procedure. This is because the root is smoothed out to remove engorged tartar and plaque below the gum line.

Gross Debridement

This is a form of deep root scaling, which is recommended for individuals who haven’t had a dental check-up in years. This means a substantial amount of plaque and tartar has formed all around the mouth. We carry out the gross debridement procedure after an oral examination that disqualifies a prophylaxis cleaning as effective.

Sometimes, a gross debridement is performed together with the prophylaxis cleaning if plaque and tartar deposits are overwhelming.

Periodontal Maintenance

Individuals with serious oral concerns need this form of dental cleaning. It is habitually for people with serious gingivitis, periodontitis, and underlying gum infections. The patient is advised to regularly make dental visits, so the entire mouth area is thoroughly cleaned to eradicate prominent bacteria.

Protective dental sealants are administered for this procedure to prevent further infection during the treatment because it takes a notable amount of time to complete. Dental visits should be consistent until the gum disease, and underlying symptoms are lightened and controlled.

Benefits of Dental Cleaning

  • It prevents the likelihood of diabetes
  • Treats gum disease
  • Prevents cavities and dental decay
  • Eliminated bad breath
  • Controls infections that lead to dry mouth conditions
  • Reduces the risks of oral cancer
  • Oral defects such as tooth fractures and broken fillings are detected early
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